Born March 3, 1917 in New York City. Grew up in all the various boroughs. Starting producing comic books in 1937. Sheena, Hawk of the Seas, etc. Started The Spirit for Sunday news papers between 1940-1952. Introduced comics for training manuals while in army (World War II). Published educational comics for schools and industry from 1952-72, including maintenance manuals in comics format. President Bell-McClure Syndicate 1965. Taught sequential art at SVA from 1974-93. Books: Comics & Sequential Art, Graphic Novels: Contract with God, Life Force, Heart of the Storm, Dropsie Avenue, and others. Helping on Board of International Museum of Cartoon Art. I'm proudest of my National Cartoonist Society 1995 Milton Caniff Lifetime Achievement Award. Live in Florida, travel, tennis and work.